Climate Revolution is a series of ambitious proposals and initiatives that can transform the social and political climate on climate change in India. Climate Revolution is actively involved in
Climate change is a global challenge, the current and future impacts of which will be faced by all populations, the developed and the developing world alike. The developed world remains primarily responsible for the level of greenhouse gas emissions that have contributed to global warming. At the same time there is the reality that the developing countries and emerging economies (including the countries of South Asia) would continue to add to greenhouse gas emissions on account of their pressing development needs.
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) was broadly welcomed into the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), on the basis of the double urgency to halt deforestation and address climate change. In many sectors, REDD is seen as a quick, feasible, cost-effective and economically viable mechanism for tackling global warming. Developed countries have signalled their willingness to provide incentives for keeping tropical forests standing, in order to reduce emissions of carbon2 into the atmosphere. These incentives are intended to provide sufficient income for tropical forest countries to pursue alternative models of development. Properly managed, a programme to reduce deforestation and degradation could benefit not only the global climate but also biodiversity and the livelihoods and rights of forest-dwellers. However, there are concerns that REDD may allow polluters in the North to continue ‘business as usual’ while removing land and resource rights from forest-dependent peoples in the global South. Furthermore, depending on the definition of ‘forest’ adopted, REDD may perversely favour logging activities and tree plantations over the protection and restoration of natural forests.
This paper assesses India's readiness to implement REDD Plus approach based on important parameters of enabling policies and laws, tenure and community rights, cross sectoral linkages, institutional set up and technical capacities for monitoring and reporting. First and overview of Indian forestry sector has been presented. Second causes of deforestation and degradation have been analysed. Finally India's readiness has been assessed on key parameters of REDD Plus readiness.
The 15th Conference of Parties (COP15) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change was held 7-18 December 2009, in Copenhagen, Denmark. The spotlight fell on forests, forestry and REDD+ and although no legally binding agreement was reached, some significant outcomes were achieved. Following Copenhagen, forestry stakeholders in the Asia-Pacific have raised many questions about the meaning of COP 15 for people, forests, and forestry. In this context, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, in collaboration with RECOFTC -The Center for People and Forests, convened a meeting on 3 February 2010, in Bali, Indonesia.The meeting had two aims: 1. To discuss and answer questions that forest stakeholders have been asking following the COP15 negotiations. 2. To debate the key issues that foresters and forestry institutions will face in developing climate change policies and strategies. Twelve regional and international experts attended, along with 29 observers affiliated with the Responsible Asia Forestry and Trade Program's REDD Learning Network.1 This report presents the experts'answers to a dozen key questions.
The adverse impact of climate change is now widely accepted. Public pressure led world governments to agree to a global climate action. In 1997 the Kyoto Protocol was adopted setting targets for the rich North to make drastic cuts on average annual emissions. The UNDP report, "Fighting Climate Change: Human Solidarity in a Divided World" stated that the North should cut their emissions by 80% by 2050 of which 20-30% cuts should be by 2020.For high emitters in the Global South, like India, no cuts were recommended up to 2020 but 20% reduction by 2050.
The crisis of climate change has had an unexpected twist and fallout. Brought about mainly through the burning of non-renewal sources of energy (fossil fuels) — coal, oil, natural gas and also (uranium) - the crisis has led to the unprecedented rise in levels of greenhouse gases. Its solution is seen in the demand for an alternative but sustainable energy paradigm. On the other hand, powerful lobbies and interest groups within the nuclear establishment vis-a-vis the nuclear industry has latched on to nuclear energy seeing it as a window of opportunity for business and trade. Together, they have presented nuclear energy as a solution to the climate crisis with the rationale that nuclear power plants do not emit CO2. At the same time the drive behind its promotion is the hope that it will also lead to its widespread support. After experiencing a decline in recent decades nuclear energy is suddenly the current global discourse, propped up as the energy of the future - as"clean", "safe", "nature-friendly" and "carbon neutral" renewal resource. The emergence is seen as an opportunity by MNCs like Westinghouse, General Electric, Larsen & Toubro and the scientific community including the State and Atomic Energy Commission to revive nuclear energy also as a highly economical and lucrative investment.
Climate change and the present precarious state of the global weather, to reiterate, stems clearly from the adverse impact of the current global economic order and replicated by the South in terms of Northern lifestyles and economic achievement. Characteristic of this capitalist culture and civilisation is its dominance over contemporary production relationships. It has spawned the dominant discourse that the Global South is in debt to the North! That is, the debt crisis, as it is now known. This is due to miss-appropriation of funds and ill-conceived policy and development plans, etc., by the debtors of the South.
"Climate Change cannot be restricted to a discussion about quotas of gas emissions or be derived into false solutions such as carbon markets or bio-fuels, which do not solve the in-depth problem; on the contrary: They aggravate it. Being a civilizing crisis closely linked to the survival of the planet, human communities and a variety of species living on it, this problem demands the adoption of measures and prompt actions addressed to change radically rooted causes of such a crisis. It should start by recovering and developing more fair and sustainable ways of life; paying the historical debt developed countries have with the countries of the South; changing the bases of the contemporary model, its production and consumption matrix; its financial mechanisms and destructive commercial regulations"
Climate change may be the most significant challenge the world faces today. It will affect everyone, regardless of geographical location or socioeconomic status. It may determine the way we produce food, our access to water, our health, where we live, and the diversity of plant and animal species. No other current concern can claim the scale of climate change - and the scope of the potential catastrophe if the world fails to act in time. Climate change was originally perceived as mainly a scientific or environmental issue. While it does have a scientific basis and involves all aspects of the environment, it has emerged through the economic and political systems that govern the world today. These same systems are now charged with sorting out the threats from climate change. However, actions to date have fallen short, while global temperatures climb and the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that cause climate change continue to grow. This booklet is premised on the notion that political will strong enough to forge a meaningful international consensus on tackling climate change can emerge and transform both the content of decisions and how they are made. By dedinition, this process must uphold the basic principles, universally endorsed, of human rights to sustainable development, security and the shared resources of a common planet. The Alternative: a patchwork response and worsening inequities in a steadily warming world.
This publication aims to enhance indigenous peoples’ knowledge on climate change so that we will be better equipped to participate more effectively in shaping relevant policies and actions taken to address this issue. It also aims to enlighten non indigenous peoples on our own experiences and perspectives on climate change.
We are seeing the emergence of a new wave of Climate Capitalism, driven by the new market for green technology, carbon-trading, technology transfers and adaptation funds, writes John Samuel. But surely the ethics and politics of climate change need to precede the economic calculus of climate change?
Global climate change results from the aggregation of greenhouse gases (GHGs), which then disproportionately affect other states, communities, ecosystems and people. The victimised populations become uprooted from their habitats and forced to migrate, even to foreign countries to join the researve army of lobour there and get entrapped in new conflicts and crises. The citizens of a bordered territory are entitled to fundamental rights which their fellow human beings, the irregular migrants, can never be provided. The emancipatory ideas about rights, justice and responsibility should transcend the ‘bordered’ confines. Thus it has been demanded that the protection of humans, not citizens, must be the watchword in international refugee policy...
Climate change is now an accepted fact as far as the modern high carbon lifestyle man is concerned. Not a day passes without a conference, seminar or workshop being conducted on the impact of climate change in some metropolitan city or town in the world. Thousands of tones of newsprints are used, destroying entire forests, to discuss about climate change and disseminate information about it. Climate change is now on everybody's lips. The clever ones are wracking their brains to make profit out of this catastrophe. They are chalking out plans to develop market for carbon and sell new technologies.
There is a need to re-examine the current development discourse at various levels with reference to climate change and also in the localised context. Therefore it is important we look at technological deployment that contributes to climate change, financial instruments that support environmentally sustainable expansion, emphasis on productivity, etc and move towards a people centered alternatives in the era of climate change.